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Hisar /  हिसार  


 

 

This fierce clan had been the buffer by default shielding Hindus from foreign Islamic invasions from the west.Situated between 'Punjab region' and 'doab' (two rivers Yamuna and Ganga - this region today includes Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand and included West Punjab and Sindh (now in Pakistan). In the Punjab and Haryana, Jats had long cultivated the lands and ardently protected the inhabitants ('Chattis Kaum' or 36 communities) against the Islamic invasions from time to time. The city of Hisar was no different. Although founded by a Muslim ruler, Firozshah Tughlaq in 1354 AD, the city was predominantly Hindu. The word ‘Hisar’ is an Arabic word meaning ‘Fort’. The city, which we know today as ‘Hisar’, was originally called ‘Hisar Firoza (also Hisar-e-Firoza) or in other words the ‘Fort of Firoz’.

When Mohd. Gouri Won the second war of Panipat from Prithvi Raj Chauhan, he went back to his country Afghanistan from the place now known as Hisar. At that time Hisar was one of the important places to take rest on the road from Delhi.

The construction work of the city of Hisar was started in the year 1354 A.D. under the personal supervision of Firozshah himself who stayed here for a sufficient time. The boundary wall of Hisar Firoza was built with stones brought from the hills of Narsai. The fort city was also surrounded by a big ditch dug round the wall. A large and deep tank was constructed inside the fort, and the water used to replenish the ditch. Inside the fort a fine palace, having a complex of different buildings was built. Well laid out gardens added to the beauty of the palace. The initial stage of the city was completed after the incessant work of two and a half years.

The nobles and Amirs were also directed by the Sultan to get the residences built here. The buildings were constructed with lime and burnt bricks. The fort-city had four gates which were subsequently named as the Delhi Gate and Mori Gate to the east, the Nagori Gate to the south and Talaqi Gate to the west. These gates were completely razed in mid-eighties by then chief minister Bansi Lal to widen and modernize the roads.

While constructing the palace, popularly known as ‘Gujari Mahal’ for his beloved, Firozshah also built a new city around it. The Gujari Mahal still stands in its austere majesty. This palace is a complex of different buildings, including the royal residence of the sultan Firozshah, Shahi Darwaza, Diwan-e-Aam, Baradari with three tehkhanas, a hamam, a mosque and a pillar. The style of architecture of the Gujari Mahal is dignified. The palace has beautifully carved stone pillars.

Most of the material used for the constructing the Gujari Mahal complex including the nearby mosque was from Hindu or Jain temples desecrated and destroyed by Firozshah's army. The elaborate fingurines of dancers with musical instruments carved in stone can still be seen laid in the pillars and walls of the mosque.

In 1408 Hisar fell into the hands of rebels but was recovered by the royal army under the Emperor Mahmud Tughlaq in person. In 1411 the tract of Hansi came into the hands of Khizar Khan, and he ascended to the throne of Delhi in 1414 as the first Sultan of the Sayyad Dynasty. In 1420 the fief of Hisar was conferred on Mahmud Hassan as reward for good services. During the feeble dynasty of the Lodhis (1451-1526) Hisar was granted as a fief to Muhabbat Khan in the reign of Bahlol Lodi (1451-89)

When Babur invaded India in 1524-26, Hisar was an important strategic center of Ibrahim Lodi’s empire. Before the battle of Panipat in 1526, on reaching the Ghaggar, Babur learnt that the troops from Hisar, led by Hamid Khan, were advancing towards him. He then dispatched prince Humayun with an army sufficient to succeed in defeating the enemy. Babur handed over the city of Hisar to Humayun as a reward for his success in his first military expedition. Humayun ruled over India twice first from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1555 to 1556. During his first reign a mosque known as Jama Masjid was built here by Amir Muhammad in 1535.

During Akbar’s reign (1556-1605) Hisar became once more a place of considerable importance. It was made the headquarters of the revenue division known as a sirkar. As some of the Mughal Princes who were attached to Hisar, subsequently became the Emperors, the city of Hisar was then known in the history of India as the Duke of Wellington of the Mughal Era.

The last noteworthy participant in the history of the tract of Hisar before the advent of the British power was George Thomas (1756-1802). He was an independent mercenary who became ruler of a large tract of Haryana, including Hisar and Hansi, for a few years from 1797 to 1802. He got the area on a platter because by that time it stood ravaged by sikh misls who had got into serious conflict among themselves and the political vacuum created by internecine disagreements between the Jat and Maratha rulers as well as their intra-household conflicts. The Jahaz Pul and the Jahaz Kothi situated to the east of the city of Hisar still remind us of this 'Irish Soldier Of Fortune'. Thomas used the Jahaz Kothi, which was once a temple and had been converted into a mosque, as a residence. He was disposed of by the British shortly afterwards. The area was subsequently offered to the king of Jind (a Jat sikh of sidhu clan) who declined to accept it as the revenue collections were low.

Hisar gained importance in 1960s when the Agriculture University was set up as an extension of the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. Ever since, the government's positive policies have played a vital role in the economic development of the city. The industrial and agricultural policy of the government has attracted large number of farmers and entrepreneurs and has resulted into the industrialization in and around the city.
 

Geography
Hisar is located at 29.17N 75.72E. It has an average elevation of 212 metres (695 feet).
The city of Hisar is one of the important and fast growing urban centers of Haryana. It has grown to an important position on the urban map of Haryana. It has risen because of its location, which is such that for any development away from the G.T. Road Hisar draws one's attention. People from Punjab and Rajasthan come here for medical treatment and purchase of good quality seeds, cows, buffaloes, bullocks and sheep, etc. and to get good education.
 

Climate
Very hot summers and cold winters. The maximum day temperature very often touches 48 degrees Celsius during summers. During winter the minimum temperature may touch 0 degree Celsius. Sub-zero temperatures have also been recorded. However, winter skies are usually clear and ample sunshine is received through the year. Hot winds, locally known as Loo, are strong and frequent from May to July. Normally the southwesterly current of the summer monsoon brings rain during the July to September period. It is a semi-arid region and agriculture is supported mainly by canals and ground water irrigation. Hisar lies just 30 km north-east of the Thar Desert. Intermittent dust storms are also common. In the winter some rain is received due to western disturbances.
 

Administrative set-up of District Hisar
Hisar continued to be the District Headquarters of the largest district in the state till its reorganization; some parts of it were transferred to Jind in 1966 when Jind was made a new district. Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu estate were transferred to the Bhiwani District when Bhiwani was carved out in 1974. It was further bifurcated when the Sirsa become a new district, made entirely out of Hisar District. Now Fatehabad has also been carved out of this district.

At present Hisar district consists of four tehsils and three sub-tehsils. The tehsils are Hisar, Hansi, Narnaund and Adampur and the sub-tehsils are Barwala, Uklana and Bass.
Hisar is the divisional headquarters of the Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarters of the Police Range. It is also a battalion Headquarters of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. In order to bring all the departments under one roof, a five storied building of District Administrative Complex has been completed and offices shifted in 1980. It adjoins the new Judiciary Complex, which is also made functional. This administrative and judiciary complex is the largest in Haryana, at a district headquarters which may be one of the largest in the country.
 

Demographics
As of 2001 India census, Hisar had a population of 256,810. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Hisar has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 64%. In Hisar, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. There is a significant population of Sikhs in Hisar.

Another interesting fact, Hisar has the maximum number of permanent immigrants to US among all districts in Haryana. According to US department of Homeland security, a recent report on permanent immigration from Northern Indian Districts of India subcontinent, in the state of Haryana, hisar ranks no. 1 (with 893). At no. 2 Faridabad (812), no. 3 Karnal (656).
 

The city is mainly known for

  • Two Major Universities - C.C.S. H.A.U and GJU.

  • Saint Kabir's Residential and Day School founded by late Shri Ujjal Singh.This school is known internationally for winning many prizes and producing qualified students

  • Vidya Devi Jindal School, an internationally renowned residential school for girls from affluent business or political families, operated by the Jindal family since 1984.

  • O.P. Jindal Modern School, known for producing one of the best Board results in IndiA

  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, one of Asia's largest agriculture universities.

  • Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology (formerly Guru Jambheshwar University)

  • National Research Centre on Equines (NRCE) , Sirsa Road, Hisar - 125 001 (Haryana) - a premier institute for research and development in equine sector -the only one in India.

  • Department of Printing Technology, GJU. (India's first Indian government run institute providing Post Graduation in Printing Technology.

  • Stainless steel manufacturing plants (Hisar is known as Steel City).

  • Various Medicine Factories at Industrial Sector.

  • Regional Vocational Training Institute, Hissar

  • "Shri Panchmukhi Balaji Dham" situated at Chaudharyvas village. 18 K.M.from Hisar on Hisar-Siwani road.Thus Pancha Mukha Hanuman is the five faced Lord Hanuman. The five faces are those of Varaha, Garuda, Hanuman, Narasimha and Hayagriva.

  • Shri Hanuman Temple situated at Kaajla Dham aprox. 15 K.M. from the main city.

  • Cattle Feeding Plant situated at Chandigarh Road 5 km Stone.

  • Tractor Training Corporation for learning about Tractor technology.

  • Military cantonment strategically located right in between Delhi and Bhatinda cantonment (which in itself is the Largest in Asia and 3rd largest in the world). A very important Tank division.

  • Nearby remains of the ancient Agroha town.

  • Hansi, where famous Hansi bronzes were discovered in 1982.

  • HARSAC Haryana Space Applications Centre of Department of Science and Technology, Haryana is situated in the Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University Campus.

  • Gujri Mahal (Palace), built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, for his wife Gujri. A secret underground tunnel ran from this palace to Delhi (165 km) and was used by Zafar's army to bring Arms and ammunition to the city without drawing attention of the East India Company.

  • National Institute on pig breeding and research located on Sirsa road.

  • National Institute on buffalo breeding and research located on Sirsa road.

  • Central State Farms on Sirsa road for agricultural research.

  • Central Livestock Farm on Barwala road.

  • Central Sheep Breeding farm on Barwala road.

  • 1200MW thermal power plant on Barwala road (under construction)

  • India's largest GI (galvanized iron) pipe manufacturing city.

  • Important Railway junction connected to Punjab, Rajasthan and Delhi.
     

 

Noted Residents

  • Late Shri O.P. Jindal

  • Ms Savitri Jindal (owner of Jindal Steel) - billionaire according to Forbes Magazine .

  • Late Ch. Inder Singh Sheokand, M.P. (6th Lok Sabha, 1977), Deputy C.M. of PEPSU (Patiala and East Punjab States Union)

  • Bhajan Lal, Former CM

  • Subhash Chandra, Zee Telefilms

  • Mange Ram Ji, Action Shoes

  • Yashpal Sharma, Film Actor

  • Shri D.D. Kathpalia, renowned educationist

  • Dr. Rajinder Chaudhary, renowned economist

 




Hisar Yellow Pages


Hissar Telephone Directory

Hisar Property Bazar

Hisar College Ranking

Hisar - Map

STD Code
01662

Pin Code
125 001

 

 

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