Mahendragarh district (Hindi:
महेन्द्रगढ) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in
northern India. The district occupies an area of 1,859 km˛.
The district has a population of 812,022 (2001 census).
Narnaul town is the administrative headquarters of this
Mahendergarh district was formed in 1948 by grouping
different tracts of erstwhile princely states; Narnaul and
Mahendergarh tehsils from Patiala State, Dadri (Charkhi
Dadri) from Jind State and a part of Bawal nizamat from
Nabha State. It became a part of Patiala and East Punjab
States Union (PEPSU) state. On November 1, 1956, with the
merger of PEPSU with Punjab, it became a part of Punjab
state and with the formation of Haryana state in 1966, it
became a part of the newly formed state. In 1989, Rewari
district was carved out of it.
The district lies between north latitude 270 47 to 280
26 and east longitude 750 56’ to 760 51’. It is bounded on
the north by Bhiwani and Rohtak districts, on the east by
Rewari district and Alwar district of Rajasthan, on the
south by Alwar, Jaipur and Sikar districts of Rajasthan, and
on the west by Sikar and Jhunjhunu districts of Rajasthan.
It has 2 tehsils of Narnaul and MahenderGarh.
As of 2001 India census. Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved
2008-11-01., Mahendragarh had a population of 23,977. Males
constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.
Mahendragarh has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher
than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%,
and female literacy is 57%. In Mahendragarh, 14% of the
population is under 6 years of age.
In spite of being a district, there is no administrative
office. All the relevant work is done in Narnaul. The very
first google vatika (place where medicinal plants are
planted) was established here.
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Origin of name
The district is named after Mahendergarh town, which was
previously known as Kanaud. The previous name was derived
from the Kanaudia group of Brahmans. It was founded by Malik
Mahdud Khan, a servant of Babur. There is a fort at
Mahendergarh which was built by Maratha ruler, Tantia Tope
during the 19th century. This fort was named as Mahendergarh
in 1861 by Narinder Singh, the ruler of the erstwhile
princely state of Patiala, in honor of his son, Mohinder
Singh and consequently the town came to be known as
Mahendergarh. The name of Narnaul Nizamat was changed to "Mohindergarh
Swami Ramdev famous Yoga Guru.
Mahendragarh Property Bazar